Davao del Norte covers a total area of 3,426.97 square kilometres (1,323.16 sq mi) occupying the north-central section section of the Davao Region. The province borders Agusan del Sur to the north, Bukidnon to the west, Compostela Valley to the east, and Davao City to the south.
Samal City is the only municipality or city in the province not situated on Mindanao island. The city covers the entire Samal and Talikud Islands within the Davao Gulf.
Davao del Norte is a primarily agricultural the principal crops of the province include rice, maize, banana, coconut, abacá, ramie, coffee, and a variety of fruit and root crops. Davao del Norte is the country's leading producer of bananas, with many plantations run by multinationals Dole and Del Monte, and local producers such as Lapanday, TADECO, and Marsman. Davao del Norte is also one of Mindanao's leading producer of rice. Davao is also one of the producer of gold and silver. its mining resources include silica, silver, copper and elemental sulfur. Forestry and commercial fishing.