Iloilo covers a total area of 5,000.83 square kilometres (1,930.83 sq mi) occupying the central and eastern section of Panay island in the Western Visayas region. The province is bordered by province of Antique to the west, Capiz to the north, the Jintotolo Channel to the northeast, the Guimaras Strait to the east, and the Iloilo Strait and Panay Gulf to the southwest.
Iloilo City is the center for real estate, accommodation, medical centers, education, shopping centers, business centers, IT/BPO centers. Agricultural products such as corn, rice, bananas, sugar, and pineapples among others as well as high-end crops in the Bucari Area in Leon and in the highlands of Alimodian, inland resorts and trekking sites. Sugar industries is centered in Passi City and its neighboring towns like Lambunao, Duenas, San Enrique, and Binggawan. Southern Iloilo's economy is mostly based on tourism because of the century-old churches and colonized buildings and its beaches and marine reserves especially in Guimbal, Miagao, and San Joaquin towns.